To become a firefighter, volunteer for any openings at a local fire station, and introduce yourself to the firefighting community. Acquire CPR training and a Fire Science degree from an academy or college. Pass the background check, written tests, oral exams, physical fitness test and health examination to complete the process.
- Volunteer at a local fire station
Search for any openings for volunteer positions at a local fire station. Volunteering allows you to introduce yourself to the firefighting community and gain valuable contacts in the field.
- Get fit
Exercise on a regular basis, and maintain a balanced diet. Firefighting requires strenuous physical activity and long working hours. In addition, firefighters take a physical fitness and agility test prior to employment.
- Receive CPR certification
Complete a CPR class at the American Red Cross or any certified CPR training agency.
- Acquire a Fire Science degree
Complete a Fire Science degree program at a post-secondary school. Learn how to extinguish fires, evacuate buildings, maintain firefighting equipment and operate emergency vehicles.
- Take an oral and written exam
Take the oral exam, which includes questions about short- and long-term goals, expectations as a firefighter and reasons for choosing the specific agency or department. Pass a written exam that consists of math, human relations, problem-solving, oral and written communications, and memory and reasoning questions.
- Pass physical and health tests
Pass a standard physical exam that involves testing eyesight, blood pressure, hearing, blood and urine. Firefighters are drug-free with 20/20 vision. Take a physical aptitude exam and a psychological exam that tests for specific personality traits.
- Take a background check before applying for jobs
Meet the background check requirements, such as having a clean criminal record and a high school diploma. Then, apply for jobs at local fire stations or at other firefighting agencies and organizations.