Begin the process of becoming a deputy sheriff by submitting an application with your local sheriff's office. The sheriff's office reviews your application and runs a thorough background check to determine if you are eligible for a law enforcement position. If the sheriff's office approves your application, you then attend a law enforcement academy where you receive the physical and educational training necessary for a law enforcement officer.
Most sheriff's offices have a few basic requirements that all applicants have to meet to be considered for a position. Typically, applicants must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent, and many sheriff's offices also require some college credit in criminal justice or law enforcement courses. A criminal record free of any felony convictions, violent misdemeanors or serious traffic offenses is also a necessity.
Sheriff's deputies receive very similar training to police officers at law enforcement academies. Most sheriff's offices require trainees to meet a certain number of physical requirements before approving them for graduation. These requirements generally include the ability to run a certain distance in a set amount of time. Because sheriff's deputies sometimes have to pursue suspects on foot and physically detain them, physical fitness is an essential job requirement. In addition to physical training, trainees also take part in educational courses regarding laws, criminal justice, psychology and a host of other relevant subjects.