To become a certified emergency medical technician, one must complete a post-secondary nondegree program specifically for EMTs, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics explains. In addition to the education,the applicant must complete necessary certification programs to earn his license.
EMT educational programs are offered at emergency care facilities, technical institutes and community colleges, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics notes. Educational institutions may have programs that last approximately 150 hours and instruct students on how to assess patient conditions, clear airways, properly use equipment and how to handle cardiac emergencies. Instruction may take place in an ambulance or hospital.
A person can receive advanced training and learn about using difficult airway machines, IV fluids and medications. These types of programs can last up to 300 hours. Students may also receive about eight hours of instruction on how to drive an ambulance, but some services hire separate drivers, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics explains.
EMTs must complete an education program certified by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians on top of passing a national exam. Each state has its own guidelines for EMT licensing, but generally a person who has NREMT certification is eligible to become an EMT. Generally, most applications for EMT certification must be over the age of 18, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics advises.