To become an anesthesiologist, an individual must attain a bachelor's degree and a medical degree before completing four years of residency training, according to About.com. Individuals must also pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination or Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination before earning a state medical license.
While earning a bachelor's degree, anesthesiologists often complete pre-medical courses such as calculus, organic chemistry, English, biology and physics, notes About.com. Before applying to medical school, it can be advantageous to volunteer in a healthcare facility. Medical degrees anesthesiologists commonly hold include a Doctor of Medicine and a Doctor of Osteopathy. The first half of medical degree programs often consist of more medical training, while the second half is completed in a hospital or clinic.
To become specialists, anesthesiologists must complete a residency, which can be found through the National Residency Matching Program, according to About.com. In most cases, anesthesiologists complete a year-long internship before spending three years as a resident in anesthesiology. Residents have the option of completing a fifth residency year and focusing on a sub-specialty.
To attain a license, an anesthesiologist generally must have a medical degree from an accredited institution, complete an acceptable residency, pass an exam and meet specific state requirements, Chron explains. The American Board of Anesthesiology offers optional board certification.