Five basic elements of parliamentary procedures promote one speaker at a time, unencumbered debate, equality among members, balancing majority will with minority rights and melding personalities into one entity. A meeting agenda based upon parliamentary procedure supports efficient and productive meetings.
An organization may define their own quorum, which is the minimum number of members required to legally conduct business. Parliamentary procedure defines quorum as a majority of the entire membership.
Members conduct business by presenting motions, one at a time. A member makes a motion, which another member seconds, and the presiding officer announces to the group. A vote follows any discussion, unless the motion is tabled or postponed. At the conclusion of business, a motion, a second and a vote to adjourn formally dismisses the assembly.