Some of the basic laws that regulate the relationship between landlords and tenants in New York involve the habitability of the space, the amount of rent landlords can charge, and the tenant's rights to sue or withhold rent, as of 2015. Regulations also prevent the landlord from retaliation or discrimination.
The tenant's right to habitability dictates that the landlord must keep the premises under livable conditions and free from dangers, such as vermin or excessive filth. Additionally, hot water and heat have to be provided under conditions as set by statutes. Tenants have a right to nonpayment or filing lawsuits if the landlord fails to maintain the premises as such. There are no limits, however, on the amount of the deposit that a landlord requires before allowing a tenant to move in. There are guidelines on how the landlord must return such a deposit when the tenant moves out.
New York state rent control laws dictate the amount of rent and increases in rent that landlords can charge for certain dwellings. There are also regulations on how much time a tenant has to pay overdue rent, which is three days in most parts of the state, before a landlord can legally file for eviction. New York landlord-tenant relationships are regulated, not only by state and local laws, but also by federal regulations that address discrimination and the landlord's responsibility to disclose health hazards.