A basic job description for a wildlife biologist typically includes conducting different types of research and observational experiments on animals and plants within a specific area, completing daily or weekly reports on observations, and interacting with a specific group of animals in the region. Wildlife biologists may also formulate and test theories about wildlife in the area and publish the findings in journals or other reports.
A wildlife biologist studies animals in their natural habitat, and there are many career specializations that focus on a specific kingdom, genus or species of animal. The general job description for this occupation revolves around identifying a specific area or region and segment of its natural animal population and conducting research into their behaviors and actions. The specific details of the job vary according to the company or organization employing the scientist and the specific intent of the research.
Some wildlife biologists work for governmental agencies or educational organizations to identify the effects of a certain action on a segment of animals, such as learning how deforestation affects the bird populations in a rain forest. In this setting, the biologist would develop a hypothesis, design a series of test and processes to collect data, and then analyze it to understand the results. Other biologists may work for private entities that seek to learn specific behaviors or details about an animal population.