The majority of balloons manufactured are made from one of two common materials: latex and foil. Latex is a form of liquid rubber derived from the sap of rubber trees. Manufacturers use organic and inorganic pigment to create the colors of latex balloons.
Latex balloons are commonly used as party decorations. They can be inflated with either regular air or helium. Certain latex balloons are made with a greater thickness so that they can be used for twisting into various shapes and designs, such as balloon animals. Foil balloons, on the other hand, are designed only to be filled with helium and are generally printed with a variety of designs and slogans.