Wages, work hours, environment and hiring practices are a few aspects of employment subject to employment laws, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. Pregnancy protections, child labor and medical leave are also regulated by law. The DOL and individual state labor agencies propose and enforce employment regulations.Continue Reading
The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes a minimum wage for U.S. employees. Individual states can also set a minimum wage, and federal law dictates employees are entitled to the higher of the two, notes the DOL. It further indicates that employees are entitled to 1.5 times their pay rate for work performed in excess of 40 hours per week.
The Occupational Safety & Health Administration works to ensure the safety of chemicals, workplace equipment and training for U.S. employees. The agency requires that employers provide guidelines to educate employees about hazardous materials and situations in their workplaces as well as the protocols to deal with them, according to OSHA.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission oversees discrimination in the workplace. Hiring and promotion decisions must exclude considerations of race, color, national origin, age, religion, sex, disability, genetic information or anything else not directly tied to ability, according to the EEOC. Pregnancy is also protected, so employers may not fire, demote or otherwise punish employees for pregnancy. Workers with serious or chronic illnesses are also protected by law from adverse hiring and promotion decisions.Learn more about HR
A salaried employee can work more or less than 40 hours per week depending on the employer's needs, according to the Department of Labor. Whether an employer can adjust the employee's pay based on the number of hours worked depends on the employee's exemption status, says the Houston Chronicle.Full Answer >
Employee holiday pay entitlements refer to the federal laws requiring employers to offer a minimum period of paid leave each year, with some exceptions depending on the nature of the employment contract. The term also covers the employee's right to earn base bay as well as additional pay while working eight hours or less on a designated holiday.Full Answer >
Although most Americans who work full time work 40 hours per week, 30 hours and above actually constitutes full time employment for the purpose of determining benefit eligibility.Full Answer >
When writing a letter confirming employment, include the employee name, his beginning date with the company, his position, his rate of pay and the number of hours he works. If employees regularly work overtime hours, employers may include the information. Print the letter on company letterhead, provide your contact information and sign it in ink before sending it.Full Answer >