The American National Standards Institute's standard Z308.1 2009 lists the minimum contents of first aid kits and supplies at small worksites where injuries can occur, according to Northwest Health and Safety Inc. ANSI worked with the Occupational Health and Safety Administration to develop the standard.
Minimum requirements for each first aid kit include 16 1-inch by 3-inch adhesive bandages, 10 each of 0.14-fluid-ounce packages of antiseptic, six antibiotic treatments in packages of 0.14 fluid ounce and six burn treatment applications that weigh 0.03 ounce each, notes Northwest Health and Safety Inc. Additionally, every kit should have four sterile pads that are 3 inches long by 3 inches wide, two pairs of medical exam gloves, one absorbent compress at 32 square inches and medical tape at least 3/8-inch by 2.5 yards. Workplaces must include a first aid guide and a triangular bandage 40 inches by 40 inches by 56 inches in every kit.
ANSI recommends optional items such as a breathing barrier for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, eye/skin wash, hand sanitizer and roller bandages, says Northwest Health and Safety Inc. Optional items should be included based on known hazards at particular workplaces. Burn dressings, cold packs and eye coverings can also be included.
ANSI requirements were changed in 2009 to have 10 minimum items in each first aid kit, whereas older standards from 2003 had eight items, according to Nelson-Jameson. First aid kits get divided into four different types including portable kinds, indoor-use models and kits designed for rough handling, notes Grainger.