Ford Motor Company, General Motors Company and Chrysler Group LLC are American car companies. They manufacture cars and market them to consumers through dealer networks. Detroit is widely recognized to be the center of the American automobile industry.
Henry Ford founded Ford Motor Company in 1903 in Detroit. Initially, groups of two or three men assembled each car, but Ford later expanded and fine tuned the assembly line, which allowed it to increase production and eventually become one of the world's largest and most profitable companies. Iconic Fords include the Model T, the Model A, which was the first car to have safety glass in the windshield, and the Mustang. As of 2014, Ford markets its cars under the Ford and Lincoln brand names.
As of 2014, GM is the largest American car company. GM was founded in 1908 by William C. Durant, Charles Stewart Mott and Frederic L. Smith as General Motors Corporation. The name was changed to General Motors Company in 2009. Chevrolet and Cadillac are GM's most popular and successful brands.
As of 2014, Chrysler is the smallest of the major American car companies and is the only one owned by a foreign company, Fiat. Chrysler was founded in 1925 by Walter Chrysler. Major Chrysler brands include Chrysler, Dodge and Jeep.