Ambulance fees are calculated depending on several factors, including location, whether the trip is an emergency or scheduled transport, and miles travelled, according to CostHelper. Other factors that affect the fees include whether basic life support or advanced life support was provided during the trip.
During an emergency call, the medical dispatcher decides if only medical technicians are required to respond to the situation, or if paramedics are required to offer advanced life support, reports CostHelper. Fees vary depending on the type of personnel dispatched. If specialty medical technicians are required, such as a critical care nurse or a respiratory therapist, costs increase. Any medication provided to the patient during the medical response is also included in the ambulance fees.
Ambulance expenses are typically covered by health care insurance when medically necessary, states CostHelper. For those with health insurance, typical fees for ambulance services are in the form of a co-pay or coinsurance fee. Some ambulance services send a bill to the patient for any fees that the insurance does not cover, but several states have outlawed this practice. In some cities or counties, all ambulance services are paid by local taxes, so there are no fees billed to the patient.