There are two types of a 30-Day Notice to Vacate. The first is the written notice given by a tenant who intends to vacate a rented or leased property, and the second is the 30-day notice given to a tenant who is facing eviction. Laws on Notice to Vacate and eviction vary from state to state, so check with local authorities for specifics pertaining to an individual situation.
Generally, a tenant must give a written Notice to Vacate, or there is potential for the tenant to be held responsible for future rents or for an additional long-term lease in its entirety. This length of notice is usually 30 days, but it may vary.
In most states, when a landlord seeks to evict a tenant, he must first give the tenant an opportunity to correct the default or to determine an alternative place of residence. This is accomplished by serving a Notice to Vacate. The notice details the number of days allowed to the tenant to pay the balance of the deficiency in rent or to leave the premises. A Notice to Vacate without cause can force the tenant out of the property for other reasons, such as foreclosure or sale.
If the tenant does not attempt to rectify the situation or vacate the property, the landlord is within his or her rights to initiate eviction proceedings in the local court system.