Wool fibers have microscopic scales that when agitated and then exposed to water and heat tend to stick together causing the shrinkage. The edges of the scales in wool fiber interlock during the washing process, which prevents the fabric from returning to its original size once it has dried. This effect is also known as felting.Continue Reading
Wool originally refers to the fleece of sheep. In the textile industry, however, wool fabric has also come to include the hair fibers taken from other animals such as alpaca, vicuna, angora goat and camel.
Hair that is harvested from Angora rabbits is not classified as wool, although the look, appearance and feel of the resulting fabric bears strong resemblance to wool. The fabric produced from the Angora rabbits also tends to shrink the most compared to any other type of wool fabric.Learn more about Clothing
Wet leather shrinks because water bonds with and displaces its lubricating oils, leaving its components (fibers and protein) exposed to the air as it dries. Rescue wet leather by cleaning it and applying a pH-balanced conditioner while it's still wet in order to recondition the leather as it dries.Full Answer >
A simple way to shrink clothes that are too big is to wash them in cold water and heat them in a dryer. You need cold water, laundry detergent and a dryer to accomplish this task.Full Answer >
Wool clothing shrinks when it is not washed in the proper manner. Garments that are more than 50 percent wool are likely to shrink when hand washed. Instructions on how to wash a wool garment can be located on the manufacturer's care instructions tag.Full Answer >
Washing a cashmere sweater in warm to hot water, or washing and rinsing a garment in different temperatures, can lead to shrinkage. Applying heat, for example, by putting it in the dryer or in direct sunlight, also will cause cashmere to shrink.Full Answer >