Women's hairstyles that were popular in the 1950s include the bouffant, the curled long bob, the poodle cut and the pixie cut. Many hairstyles from the 1950s featured soft ringlets that framed the face. Younger women favored a long length pulled up in a ponytail or a pageboy, also known as a brushed-under bob style.
Many of the most popular women's hairstyles in the 1950s required short or medium-length hair. Hairstyles of the era often relied on volume to create drama; one of the most popular styles was the bouffant. To create bouffant hair, women teased the hair close to the scalp and combed the top layer to a smooth finish. Bouffant styling was prevalent in updos.
American and European movie stars of the 1950s influenced the popular hairstyles of the era. Audrey Hepburn's pixie cut inspired countless imitations. Women with pixie cuts often added volume with curls and teasing. Marilyn Monroe's short, curly hairstyle was also popular in the 1950s. Women with curly hair imitated the poodle cut Lucille Ball favored. This style featured tight curls and very short, curled bangs at the top of the forehead.
Many hairstyles of the 1950s were possible because of the sudden popularity of styling products. The high-strength hairspray of the 1950s was crucial for women who wanted to maintain a bouffant or create lasting curls.