White spots on the toenails are a common symptom of a fungal condition referred to as white superficial onychomycosis, according to WebMD. As the condition progresses, the surface of the nail becomes softer. Over time, the nail surface may crumble, however the nail does not lift from the underlying skin.Continue Reading
Risk factors for developing toenail fungus include poor ventilation of the feet, nail injuries, medical conditions such as diabetes and decreased blood flow to the nails, according to Mayo Clinic. Sharing a living space with an individual who has toenail fungus can also put individuals at risk for developing the condition. Complications of the condition include permanent nail damage and infections.
Toenail fungal infections can often be treated with over-the-counter topical medications, according to the Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide. Topical antifungal medications are also available in prescription form. In certain cases, individuals may be prescribed oral antifungal tablets to treat the infection from the inside out. Toenail fungus can often be prevented by washing the feet each day with soap and water, wearing sandals in public shower areas and keeping the feet dry. It is also important for individuals whose feet are continually exposed to moisture to change their socks on a frequent basis.Learn more about Nail Care
One home remedy for nail fungus on finger- or toenails involves using over-the-counter antifungal nail creams and ointments to treat the condition, suggests Mayo Clinic. Before applying the medication, file off any white markings on the nail's surface, soak it in water, and wipe it dry.Full Answer >
Dark cuticles on the fingernails or toenails can indicate certain conditions including an infection, according to WebMD. Fungal infection are one of the most causes of cuticles or fingernails turning a dark color.Full Answer >
To heal cracked, yellow toenails, patients should apply an oral antifungal medicine to toenails as prescribed by a physician, such as griseofulvin or itraconazole, according to WebMD. Over-the-counter antifungal cream or ointment may also help to minimize the yellow, cracked appearance of toenails. Surgery to remove the infected nail is also an option.Full Answer >
Curved fingernails are often a symptom of an underlying medical condition, such as anemia or an iron deficiency, according to WebMD. Curved fingernails may also indicate a symptom of diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema or interstitial lung disease.Full Answer >