Gold jewelry can be cleaned with commercial cleaning products, such as Stella and Dot Jewelry Polish, but there are home remedies that are just as effective as professional solutions. Soaking gold jewelry in a sink of warm water, adding a few drops of dish detergent and gently scrubbing with a soft toothbrush is an effective way to remove grime and stains. Using an ammonia solution is even more effective, but cleaning jewelry too much can leave it damaged or tinted.
When cleaning gold jewelry with an ammonia solution, it is important to properly measure six parts of water for every one part of ammonia. This is because pure ammonia is a powerful substance that can discolor or dilute the shine on a piece of jewelry. Ammonia should be used sparingly and reserved for heavy-duty cleaning sessions.
Other home cleaning solutions include submerging the jewelry in boiling water or using rubbing alcohol to disinfect and remove residue from the bracelet, earrings or necklace. When using these methods, jewelry owners should be very careful, particularly if a piece of jewelry being cleaned has a gemstone. These methods may dissolve or loosen the adhesives that bond the gemstone to the rest of the jewelry.
If the gold jewelry has crevices that are difficult to reach, using a soft bristle toothbrush and a soap-water solution is a good way to clean the entire piece. Medium- or hard-bristled toothbrushes may permanently scratch the jewelry.