What are typical causes of an itchy scalp and thinning hair?


Quick Answer

The most typical causes of an itchy scalp are dandruff, head lice and ringworms, while those of thinning hair are hereditary balding, physical or emotional stress, and an underlying medical condition, states WebMD. While hair or scalp problems are common, most conditions are not serious medical disorders.

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What are typical causes of an itchy scalp and thinning hair?
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Full Answer

Hair loss due to childbirth, menopause, radiation therapy, illness or medication is temporary and usually stops within months, or after a treatment or an illness ends, states MedlinePlus. However, scalp conditions such as ringworms require treatment with oral medications while prescriptions such as minoxidil and hormones help to clear disorders, stop hair loss or stimulate its growth.

When hair loss is permanent, dermatologists offer hair transplant surgery, laser therapy and hairpieces to improve the hair's appearance, states Mayo Clinic. During restorative surgery, doctors transplant patches of the scalp with good hair to an area that is without hair. However, this procedure is painful, carries a risk of scarring or infection and is expensive. In laser therapy, doctors use a low-level laser to try to treat pattern baldness and results from initial studies show that it improves hair thickness and the hair loss condition without any side effects. Lastly, hairpieces help sufferers to disguise extensive hair loss while they wait for medical treatment or in place of it.

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