The symptoms of a hiatal hernia in a female include heartburn, sore throat, problems swallowing, exhaustion and frequent burping, according to Healthline. These symptoms are common with larger hiatal hernias. Smaller hiatal hernias can go unnoticed until the woman undergoes testing for an unconnected health issue.Continue Reading
If a hiatal hernia is large enough, it can let stomach acids and undigested foods reflux into the esophagus, which increases the likelihood of a woman experiencing classic gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms, notes Healthline. A woman may need to undergo testing to determine whether she has a hiatal hernia or another structural abnormality.
Methods used to diagnose a hiatal hernia include imaging tests and endoscopic diagnostic tools, states Healthline. Before undergoing an imaging test, the individual has to fast for eight hours to ensure the upper portion of the gastrointestinal tract can be seen. A barium shake is consumed to make organs easier to view on the X-ray.
When an endoscopic diagnostic tool is used to identify a hiatal hernia, a small tube with a light is inserted down a sedated patient's throat, according to Healthline. The physician looks for signs of hernias, inflammation and ulcers.
Treatment options for hiatal hernias include over-the-counter heartburn medication and prescription medications, notes Healthline. A small asymptomatic hiatal hernia can be monitored to ensure it doesn't grow larger.Learn more about Fashion Designers