Sudden shortness of breath and chest pain or heaviness that can feel like a heart attack are common symptoms of a blood clot in the lungs, according to Mayo Clinic. The person may also have a cough. If the cough is productive, sputum may be pink or blood streaked.Continue Reading
Other symptoms of a pulmonary blood clot include clammy skin, which may also be discolored; dizziness and lightheadedness; a fast or irregular heartbeat; and a fever, notes Mayo Clinic. The person may also experience pain and swelling in either one or both legs, particularly since blood clots in the lungs often result from clots that have developed in the deep veins of the calves or pelvis that then travel to the lungs.
Risk factors for pulmonary blood clots, also called pulmonary embolisms, include immobility due to illness, injury or long travel periods without the ability to change positions, explains Healthline. A family or personal history of blood clots, a history of cancer, blood clotting disorders, and obesity are additional risk factors for the condition. Smoking, the use of hormonal birth control or other hormone therapies, pregnancy and recent childbirth also predispose a person to blood clots that can lead to pulmonary embolisms, adds WebMD.
Treatment for pulmonary blood clots involve the use of blood thinners, or anticoagulants, states WebMD. These medications help prevent new blood clots from forming and help the body absorb existing ones. While many clots resolve after several months of treatment, some individuals require treatment with anticoagulants for the rest of their lives.Learn more about Dress Codes