Surgical tattoo removal helps patients remove tattoos with medical technology and surgical methods. One of these methods is surgical excision, in which the tattoo is cut out with a scalpel, and the skin is stitched together. If the tattoo is bigger, a piece of skin is taken from another part of the body and sewn onto the location of the removed tattoo.
In some cases, the surgeon inserts a balloon under the skin next to the tattoo and leaves it inflated for a few weeks to stretch the skin.
Another surgical method is dermabrasion. With this method, the tattoo is sanded off the skin with a special tool.
The TCA peeling method uses a special chemical that causes the skin to blister. This chemical is sprayed on, and the blistered skin is eventually peeled off.
Laser surgery and intense pulsed light for tattoo removal are the least invasive. IPL is less painful and less harmful to the skin, but it also takes more time and it is more expensive.
An old method of tattoo removal is called Salabrasion. In this method, the tattoo is intensively rubbed with a salty type of water and it is sanded away. This is a very risky and painful method, which is why it isn't used anymore.
None of these methods should be performed at home without professional assistance. It is strongly advised to stay away from do-it-yourself kits for tattoo removal as they can cause severe health reactions. Safer methods of tattoo removal at home include the use of tattoo fading creams. These creams can be bought over the counter and usually take a longer period of time to fade the tattoo.