Shaving can commonly cause skin irritation, but this can be prevented by using warm water and a clean razor. Itchy skin can also be avoided by washing the skin before shaving and using a lubricant, such as a shaving cream or gel, to protect the skin from being irritated.
Razor burn occurs when skin gets irritated from shaving. Razor burn gives the skin an unpleasant feeling of burning and itching. Red bumps might also appear as the skin becomes inflamed.
There are many ways to prevent razor burn. It's important to always wash the skin before shaving. Dirty skin is covered in built-up oils, causing the skin's surface to be bumpy. The razor then comes into friction with the skin, which leads to the irritation. A fresh, clean razor is also important. Old razors are blunt and more likely to damage the skin.
It's also very important to shave slowly. The faster someone shaves the more likely he or she is to suffer from razor burn. Shaving in even strokes, soaking the razor in warm water between each stroke, helps prevent razor burn as well. Strokes with the razor also shouldn't push too hard against the skin.
After shaving, it's important to rinse the skin thoroughly and use an aloe-based lotion. This helps keep the skin moisturized and healthy. If the skin becomes irritated, there are many ways to treat it, like using aloe, tea tree oil, calendula cream, avocado or witch hazel.