To prevent infections, doctors recommend getting vaccinated, washing hands thoroughly before and after food preparation or toilet use, and cleaning kitchen surfaces, counters, utensils and all equipment properly before and after food preparation, states Mayo Clinic. People should avoid sharing combs, toothbrushes and other personal items.Continue Reading
Doctors suggest avoiding hand contact with the mouth, nose or eyes, which are common areas through which germs enter the body, according to Mayo Clinic. The safe temperature for cooking ground meats is a minimum of 160 degrees Fahrenheit. For poultry, a minimum of 165 degrees is necessary. Other meats cook safely over a heat level of 145 degrees. Leftovers require refrigeration after a couple of hours.
Individuals experiencing fever, diarrhea or vomiting should stay at home to avoid spreading diseases to others, notes Mayo Clinic. Travelers who plan to visit foreign countries should consult a health care professional about particular vaccinations against infections. Safe sexual intercourse using condoms is essential if a person engages in high-risk behaviors or has previously contracted sexually transmitted infections.
Infectious diseases result from microorganisms such as parasites, fungi, viruses and bacteria, explains Mayo Clinic. People pass infectious agents to others through skin contact, injuries, and tick or mosquito bites. Consuming contaminated food or beverages, inhaling airborne germs, or engaging in sexual contact with an infected individual are also common ways for infectious diseases to infect others.Learn more about Hygiene