Pave is a way of setting small diamonds into the metal bed to create a surface that looks as if it is a solid surface and not actual cut stones. The word pave comes from the French word for cobblestone, describing the way the stones are set. A pave setting prevents an observer from seeing the metal behind the stones.
Jewelers create bead cuts by drilling small holes directly in the metal surface. The jeweler uses a ball burr to create concave depressions the exact size of the stones he intends to set. Once the stones are in place, the jeweler uses his burins to push a small amount of metal over the edges. He uses a beading tool, which is a shaft with a concave depression at one end, by placing it over the stone and turning to create the smooth bead.
Jewelers use pave settings with stones other than diamond. It creates the solid look using smaller and thus less expensive stones. The pave-cut engagement ring grew very popular during the Edwardian period (1901-1910). In addition to the stones set in this pattern, these rings include filigree gold or silver. The jeweler builds a base for the ring using threads of precious metal, creating a lace-like appearance.