The normal, or natural, phase of silver is solid at room temperature. This element has a melting point of 1,763.20 degrees Fahrenheit and a boiling point of 3,924 degrees.
The chemical symbol of silver is "Ag," and comes from the word "argentum," which is the Latin word for silver. In the Periodic Table, silver is classified as a metal and is located at period number 5, group 11. Transition elements are in group 11 and are referred to as coinage metals, although this is not an approved name by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Silver has been used for more than 5,000 years, according to archaeological evidence. Some of its uses, even up to present day, include coins, silverware, jewelry and other items. The metal is an excellent conductor of electricity and, therefore, is used quite prominently in making electrical contacts, circuit boards and solder. In nature, silver is mined from pure deposits or from silver ores. It is also found in lead, copper or gold ores.
Combined with other elements, silver has even more uses. For example, silver and zinc or cadmium are used to make high capacity batteries. Silver combined with nitrogen and oxygen, or silver nitrate, is used in photography, while a silver and iodine mixture produces rain when used to seed clouds.