Individuals can improve and prevent melasma naturally by protecting the skin of the face from sun exposure, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Wear a broad-brimmed hat when outside, and use sunscreen every day, reapplying every two hours when in the sun.
Melasma is darkening of the skin that occurs around the eyes and on other areas of the face. It is more common in women, but it also affects men. In women, melasma is most likely to occur during pregnancy or when taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, according to MedlinePlus. The condition normally resolves itself within a few months after pregnancy or stopping medication.
When trying to treat melasma, use gentle skin care products, recommends the American Academy of Dermatology. Any product that causes stinging or burning of the skin causes irritation that makes melasma worse. Waxing causes inflammation of the skin, which often makes the hyperpigmentation worse.
If attempts at treating melasma naturally do not work, talk with a health care provider, suggests MedlinePlus. Professional options to reduce the condition include topical creams that lighten the dark spots, chemical peels that remove the top layers of the skin, laser treatments that reduce the dark pigments, and changing prescription medication to something less likely to cause melasma.