Archaeological evidence points to the likelihood that Neanderthals, who lived during the New Stone Age, circa 10,200 to 2000 BC, wore some kind of protective clothing made from animal skins. The specific animals used for their hides is unknown, but prehistoric humans were known to hunt many kinds of animal.
Although no significant evidence, such as clothes made of animal skins, has been recovered to prove that the Neanderthals used animal hides for clothing, the large number of animal bones, antler pins and tools discovered led to this conclusion. Archaeologists have discovered stone awls and borers, which were probably used to scrape hides and to drill or punch holes through soft material such as leather and wood. They also discovered a Neanderthal skull with a peculiar wear pattern on its teeth similar to the wear observed in older Eskimo women who softened their husband's shoes by chewing on them every morning. Archaeologists inferred that prehistoric women could have done the same thing to soften leather and use it for clothing and other purposes.