The ingredients in Keranique Hair Regrowth Treatment are 2 percent minoxidil, alcohol, propylene glycol and purified water. The active ingredient in the formula is minoxidil, an FDA-approved substance proven to help people regrow hair.
Minoxidil is in the vasodilators class of drugs, and it is used to treat hair loss unrelated to sudden or unexplained hair loss as well as hair loss after giving birth. It is not fully understood how the drug causes hair growth, but it works only after regular and continuous use. Most people see results after using minoxidil consistently for four months, and they must continue using it to maintain the hair growth.
It is possible for the body to absorb the minoxidil if it is applied too much or too often, which can result in serious side effects, such as dizziness, fainting, chest pain and weight gain. Less serious side effects can occur at the application site as well, and they include burning, stinging and redness. Users should consult a pharmacist or doctor before using products with this ingredient, such as Keranique.
Propylene glycol is a synthetic substance that absorbs water and maintains moisture in products such as Keranique. It is even used as a food additive and is generally regarded as safe by the FDA. Side effects that occur due to propylene glycol are mostly seen in children or in those who consume the substance in excess.