Gold belongs to Group 11, which does not have a family name but is part of the larger group known as the transition metals. Gold is considered a coinage metal, along with silver and copper, because it was often used in the manufacture of currency.
Gold has an atomic number of 79, atomic symbol of Au and atomic weight of 197. Its atomic symbol comes form the Latin word "aurum," which means "gold." Gold has been known since antiquity; it is a soft, ductile metal that is popular in jewelry. Thin gold, known as gold leaf, is used in a variety of arts and crafts. Gold is a good conductor of heat, which makes it useful in electrical connectors.