Knit fabrics contain loops of fibers that allow the material to stretch in one or both directions, while woven fabrics only stretch on the bias. In knit fabrics, a continuous loop of yarn is used to construct the material, giving it a braided appearance. In woven fabrics, multiple strings of yarn cross each other, creating the appearance of a basket weave.Continue Reading
There are two types of knitted fabrics: weft-knitted and warp-knitted. Weft-knitted fabrics are constructed by looping long strings of yarn together by hand or using a machine. This type of knit is used to make socks and T-shirts. Warp-knitted material is constructed of yarn that interlocks vertically. This type of knit stretches less than weft-knitted material, and it is used to make swimwear and underwear.
Woven fabrics are constructed using yarn in a combination weft and warp weave. In a weft weave, the yarn goes across the width of the fabric, while a warp weave goes down the length of the loom. There are three types of woven fabric: plain-weave fabric, twill-weave fabric and satin-weave fabric. In a plain weave, the warp and weft are aligned, forming a crisscross pattern. A twill weave features a weft and warp pattern that is offset to create a diagonal pattern on the fabric's surface. A satin weave uses a complex arrangement of warp and weft threads to create a smooth, shiny surface.Learn more about Clothing
Polyester fibers are not stretchy, but polyester can be made into stretchy fabric. If woven, polyester tends to be firm, like a bed sheet or dress pants material.Full Answer >
To make a clutch purse, cut four rectangular pattern pieces, reinforce the exterior fabric with iron-on fusible fabrics, sew the lining to the exterior fabric and then sew the clutch together. This process can take two hours or longer.Full Answer >
To remove ink stains from washable fabrics such as cotton, acrylic, polyester, linen, and nylon, one should apply a light amount of hair spray on the stained fabric to loosen its fibers. Another tip is to soak the fabric in a mixture of white vinegar, dishwashing detergent, and warm water.Full Answer >
Dri-FIT is a material created by Nike for fitness apparel, consisting of a microfiber and polyester fabric engineered to wick away sweat from the body. Nike makes socks, shirts, pants, shorts and many other accessories and apparel items out of Dri-FIT. No matter what clothing item it is used for, Dri-FIT moves sweat from the body to the surface of the fabric, where it can evaporate.Full Answer >