The best diet to alleviate thyroid problems is the gluten-free diet, according to ChrisKresser.com. Some thyroid problems can be effectively alleviated by avoiding food products that contain gluten.
A gluten-free diet involves excluding gluten from consumption. Gluten is a protein composite found in wheat and related grains. Those with thyroid issues often have sensitivities to gluten, causing abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating and unintended weight gain or loss. Some thyroid issues that can be alleviated by a consuming a gluten-free diet are Hashimoto's disease, Graves disease and sub-clinical hypothyroidism, according to GlutenFreeSchool.com.
Some foods that contain gluten include grains such as wheat, barley and rye, as well as other products that contain these grains. Other gluten-containing foods include bread and pasta. Cruciferous vegetables and other goitrogenic foods may also irritate the thyroid and exacerbate existing conditions, according to NaturalEndocrineSolutions.com. Due to this, foods such as kale and other leafy greens should be avoided in a gluten-free diet.
Gluten-free diets often use substitutes for gluten-containing foods. These substitutes include quinoa, commonly used as a substitute for rice, as well as buckwheat, chia seed and amaranth. Other foods common in gluten-free diets include foods high in protein, such as meat, seafood, nuts and legumes.