During the 1800s, men's fashion became more conservative with greater emphasis on darker shades. Velvet and silk were replaced by leather and plain cloth. Breeches reached the ankle and coats with high collars appeared. The top hat fell out of fashion as more men began wearing tricorn hats. Black low-heeled riding boots were very popular, as were laced shoes.
After the French Revolution, it was no longer seen as appropriate for democratic citizens to elevate themselves through the bright colors and flamboyant styles of the dandy, hence the shift towards more somber and restrained fashions.
During the day, it was considered acceptable to wear prints and plaids. However the only color acceptable for evening wear remained black. Once the fashions of the 1800s settled, men saw very little changes or variations introduced. For example, the daytime and evening coats were eventually replaced by morning coats, which differed only by a curved waist but was otherwise identical. During the later decades of the 1800s, tailcoats became popular for evening wear.
Fashion for men and women in the 1800s rose in response to the extravagance and decadence of the prior century. The Industrial Revolution began during the late 18th and early 19th century across England and Europe, making textiles cheaper and easier to produce.