The Dutch began to wear shoes made of wood because they could be made cheaply and could withstand laboring conditions. Wooden clogs were very useful for Dutch laborers, especially farmers and fishers, according to DutchWoodenShoes.net.
In the Middle Ages, because shoes were so expensive, most lower-class Dutch did not have shoes at all or only had shoes for special occasions. Wooden clogs became popular in the 16th century because they were inexpensive to make, practical and durable in working conditions. Clogs protected feet from impact by tools, could be easily removed and were ideal for farmers walking in mud. Some clogs were even designed with a pointed toe to help fishermen quickly pull in their nets.