As of 2014, there is no cure for male pattern baldness. According to WebMD, medication and surgery are used to treat male pattern baldness. Medication can slow or stop hair loss, while surgical implants replace lost hair follicles.
Minoxidil is the first medication the FDA approved for hair loss. The medication originally won approval for lowering blood pressure. However, one of its side effects was growing hair in unusual places, including the cheeks, back of the hand and forehead. The FDA then approved a cream form of the medication to stop hair loss. As of 2014, WebMD indicates it is minimally effective. Finasteride, the second drug to win approval is more effective at slowing hair loss from male pattern baldness by reducing the hormone that shrinks hair follicles to stop hair growth. Drugs.com points out that hair loss returns to its previous state when the patient stops taking either of these medications.
Surgeons perform hair transplants by removing small plugs of hair from areas where it continues to grow and placing them in bald or thinning areas of the head. The procedure has risks, including potential infection and scarring. While it is expensive and requires multiple sessions, the results are usually permanent, according to Drugs.com. The FDA has banned implants of artificial hair due to a high rate of infection among patients.