Dandruff can be treated by brushing the hair more frequently and using a dandruff shampoo that contains salycylic acid, coal tar, selenium sulfide or pyrithione zinc as an active ingredient. You can also treat dandruff with a home remedy such as coconut oil or white vinegar.
Different people respond differently to various dandruff shampoos, so try a few products until you find one that calms your dandruff effectively. Increase the shampoo's effectiveness by massaging it well into the scalp and then letting it sit for several minutes before rinsing it away. Read the directions on the bottle to determine how often to use the shampoo. Some dandruff shampoos must be used daily, while others should be used several times per week. Brushing your hair properly is another key to curing dandruff. Use long, firm strokes with a soft brush, as this helps distribute your hair's natural oils and keep your scalp moist.
If you are sensitive to the ingredients in dandruff shampoos, try treating your dandruff with a natural remedy instead. Coconut's antifungal properties make it a good candidate for dandruff treatment. Massage a mixture of equal parts coconut oil and lemon juice onto your scalp, let it sit for 20 minutes, and then wash your hair with mild shampoo. White vinegar may also help control dandruff by keeping bacterial and fungal levels under control. Combine one part white vinegar with three parts water, and use this mixture to rinse your hair and scalp before rinsing again with clear water.