Cotton goes from balls of fiber on a plant to fabric through a multi-step mechanical process. In this process, the cotton fibers, known as lint, are separated from seed, then into lengths and eventually spun into yarn that is used to knit or weave fabric.Continue Reading
After it is picked, cotton goes through a mechanical separation process known as ginning in which cotton fiber is separated and baled. These bales are then taken to a textile mill, where the bales are separated in order to facilitate carding. Carding is a process by which cotton lint is cleaned and straightened, resulting in a thin strand known as a silver. The silver is then spun into yarn, which is used to weave or knit cotton fabric.
This process of creating cotton fabric from unprocessed natural cotton is very similar to the techniques used in the days before the industrial revolution. The main difference is the use of machines in every step of production, from picking and sorting the cotton to ginning, baling, carding, weaving and knitting. In fact, the mechanized weaving looms that are used to create cotton fabrics are very similar in design and concept to the looms that were used by hand weavers.Learn more about Clothing
Make a no-sew baby sling using 6 yards of soft fabric such as cotton or a cotton blend. The fabric needs to measure at least 4 feet wide in order to create a secure sling for the baby. This sling is adjustable as the baby grows.Full Answer >
Poly cotton is a fabric that consists of cotton and polyester fibers. The most common ratio is a 65-percent cotton and 35-percent polyester blend, but 50/50 blends are used as well. The combination provides the benefits that cotton and polyester offer in one fabric.Full Answer >
Ramie fabric is made from fiber that is harvested from the Ramie, or Boehmeria, plant, which is a Chinese nettle belonging to the Urticaceae family. Clothing crafted from Ramie fiber breathes well and is comfortable for humid and hot weather. Pure Ramie fiber is also used to create yarn that is very durable, even when wet.Full Answer >
Cotton shrinks when washed or dried. Cotton fibers and polymers are stretched when made into thread and cloth, and washing and drying shrinks cotton back to its natural size.Full Answer >