Characteristics of traditional Cuban dresses include the use of lightweight, breathable fabrics such as cotton and linen; brilliant colors such as yellow, red, turquoise and white; and sleeves and skirts embellished with ruffles, lace and ribbon. These characteristics are most prominent in the Bata Cubana or rumba dress.
Cuban traditional dress draws much of its inspiration from the country's various cultural influences and history of colonialism. Originally populated by the Taino and Ciboney tribes, Cuba was under Spanish control for just over 400 years. During this time, slave traders brought many African slaves to the country's shores, adding another element to Cuba's cultural traditions.
Another traditional style is the less showy Guayabera dress, based on the four-pocket button-down shirt that is a timeless fashion for men in Cuba.