Dryness, nutritional deficiencies, fungal infections, trauma to the toenail and exposure to chemicals can cause a splitting toenail, according to Sierra Foot & Ankle. Thyroid disease and psoriasis are other possible causes of a splitting toenail, notes Everyday Health.Continue Reading
Exposing the nail to water repeatedly is a common cause of nail dryness, states Sierra Foot & Ankle. The nail expands in response to moisture and contracts when it dries, a cycle that compromises the structure of the nail and leads to cracking.
Fungal infections, responsible for half of toenail disorders, cause toenails to discolor, thicken, become misshapen and split, explains eMedicineHealth. These infections are more common in older people.
Wearing shoes that do not fit well can put pressure on toenails, states Sierra Foot & Ankle. The repetitive stress on the toenails that results can cause pain and splitting of the toenails.Learn more about Nail Care
Some tips for maintaining long, curved fingernails include not using the nails as tools to open packages or scrape off labels, as well as avoiding exposure to harsh chemicals or solvents. Long nails should also be kept out of water whenever possible as this can weaken the nail.Full Answer >
Fingernails are often damaged by water and chemical exposure, and they are strengthened by wearing gloves when washing dishes or clothes and by avoiding harsh chemicals. Drinking plenty of water, moisturizing cuticles and consuming some supplements, such as biotin, may also strengthen fingernails.Full Answer >
If a toenail has completely fallen off, it can take up to 18 months for it to grow back. A toenail can take longer to grow back if the nail bed has permanent damage.Full Answer >
To remove an ingrown toenail, the Mayo Clinic suggests going to a doctor to have it removed. Soak the toe at home a few times per day, and place an antiseptic cotton swab under the nail, suggests MedlinePlus. Do not remove the toenail at home.Full Answer >