According to Right Diagnosis, several things can cause toenail bruises, including coagulopathy, anticoagulant medications, infection and foot sprain. However, bruised nails are most often caused by any sort of trauma or accident where the nail bed or nail matrix sustains injury. Also called subungual hematoma or bleeding under the nail, toenail bruises are most often attributed to crush injuries such as dropping something on the nail bed, according to WebMD.Continue Reading
In addition to a bruised appearance, a toe that is affected by a subungual hematoma throbs with pain due to the pressure of the blood building up between the nail and the nail bed. In many cases, this build-up leads to the eventual loss of the nail. Other symptoms include swelling of the toe and pain or tenderness in the toe, according to WebMD.
Subungual hematomas normally do not require treatment or medical attention. The bruise will simply grow out with the nail. However, if the trauma was caused by a severe blow, medical attention may be required for broken skin and bone fractures, advises WebMD. Dark bruises that do not grow out may indicate disease within the nail bed itself, which always requires proper diagnosis by a medical professional.Learn more about Nail Care
After toenail removal surgery patients will require medications, pillows, gentle soaps, bandages and thin cotton pads, as stated by Drugs.com. The type of medications prescribed vary depending on the reason for the toenail removal, but usually include an antibiotic and pain medication.Full Answer >
Bent fingernails can be caused by injury, infection, medications, disease or by biting or other aggravating factors. If fingernails have growth distortion, clubbing, changing of colors or any other concerning abnormalities, seek the opinion of a heath care medical professional, recommends the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. The changing conditions of fingernails can be a symptom of a more serious underlying health concern.Full Answer >
If a toenail has completely fallen off, it can take up to 18 months for it to grow back. A toenail can take longer to grow back if the nail bed has permanent damage.Full Answer >
To remove an ingrown toenail, the Mayo Clinic suggests going to a doctor to have it removed. Soak the toe at home a few times per day, and place an antiseptic cotton swab under the nail, suggests MedlinePlus. Do not remove the toenail at home.Full Answer >