Q:

How can a bad perm be fixed?

A:

Quick Answer

The easiest way to fix a bad perm at home is by loosening the curls using combinations of shampoo, oil and conditioner. This will not completely rid the hair of the perm but will help make the curls less intense.

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Full Answer

Before anything is done to the hair, the split fishtail ends of a bad perm should be trimmed. Only the parts of the hair that are still straight should be trimmed to ensure that the curl pattern is not further disrupted. Once the hair has been trimmed, a conditioning oil treatment can be applied. Canola oil works best and should be applied to the hair until it is fully saturated. Hair should be covered in oil from the root to the tip.

Hair that is completely soaked in oil should then be covered with a plastic bag, or plastic hair cap, and wrapped tightly in a towel. The towel works to keep heat and moisture in while preventing the oil from getting on clothing and furniture. Once an hour has passed, the hair can be rinsed with a gentle shampoo and conditioned. For the best results, this process should be repeated several times until the hair is less curly.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What happens if I wash my hair after a perm?

    A:

    Hairdressers recommend waiting for 48 hours before washing permed hair to avoid loosening the curls, which results in less curly and weaker hair. Tying or brushing newly permed hair within the stated waiting time is also avoided for that same reason.

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  • Q:

    How do you get soft curls with a perm?

    A:

    For a perm that results in soft, flowing curls, opt for a body perm, plain curl perm, or volumizing perm. A body perm results in the addition of voluminous waves and large curls from the root of the hair to the tip. The plain curl perm is a popular option that adds soft natural waves for body and volume. Similarly, the volumizing perm produces luscious curls from root to tip and results in a thicker, lush look.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    What is the difference between a perm and a relaxer?

    A:

    The difference between a perm and a relaxer lies in the intended outcome and the procedure used to achieve it: a perm introduces curls and ringlets, but a relaxer is applied to eliminate natural waves and coils. However, the chemicals used in both treatments are similar and work to change the structure and texture of the hair. In fact, some smoothing systems employ a perm solution with a relaxer-style technique.

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  • Q:

    What are some ways to relax a perm at home?

    A:

    If the perm has left the curls too tight, the curls need to be conditioned with a heavy conditioning treatment that is rich in moisture. Weighing down the curls helps stretch them out so that they are not as tight. When styling the hair, leave-in conditioner and a serum that fights frizz should be used on a daily basis to help weigh the hair down.

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