Camouflage patterns are often designed and tested by the military using animal camouflage and natural environments as design patterns and are made to break up a person's outline and blend in seamlessly with their surroundings. The French painter and designer André Mare was one of the first designers of military camouflage. As a French soldier, Mare utilized Cubism techniques to disguise military equipment during World War I.
The first camouflage pattern used by the United States military was the dark gray-green olive drab pattern, which was used by the U.S. Army for its winter uniforms as early as 1902. In addition to the military, entrepreneurs, artists and retail clothing designers often create camouflage patterns. For instance, Bill Jordan of Jordan Outdoor Enterprises created a camouflage pattern design for hunters by using a distinct pattern based on the twigs and bark of trees, photographing and printing it on textiles for use in hunters' clothing.
The modern process of creating camouflage pattern designs utilizes computers, digital cameras and realistic printing for fabric designs. The patterns are then licensed to companies to use in the making of camouflage clothing and accessories. Camouflage patterns also influence art and fashion by providing striking patterns for clothing design.