Blackhead removal is typically effective and involves the use of a small metal extraction tool that pushes trapped sebum from the skin, effectively removing the blackhead. Ongoing skin care is required to prevent blackheads from returning. Skincare products containing chemical exfoliants such as salicylic acid clear pores of excess oil.
Sebaceous filaments are small collections of sebum and dead skin that gather around a hair follicle. They are similar in appearance to blackheads, though they are smaller and lighter in color. It is important not to attempt the extraction of sebaceous filaments, as they are natural attributes of the skin and are quickly refilled by the sebaceous gland. Using a blackhead extraction tool on a sebaceous filament can lead to infection.