Each month has at least one official birthstone, beginning with January, which is garnet, and followed by amethyst for February, aquamarine for March, diamond for April and emerald for the month of May. The birthstone for June is pearl, July is ruby, August is peridot, September is sapphire, October is opal, November is citrine, and December is blue topaz. The official list of modern birthstones was created in 1912, and has only been altered once since, in 2002, when tanzanite became the fourth birthstone to be associated with December.Continue Reading
Several months claim multiple modern birthstones. March, October and November all have secondary birthstones. March's second stone is bloodstone, October's second one is tourmaline and November's second stone is topaz. June has two additional birthstones, which are alexandrite and moonstone. December has the additional three birthstones of tanzanite, zircon and turquoise.
Birthstones have also been linked to the zodiac signs. Capricorn is ruby, Aquarius is garnet, Pisces is amethyst, Aries is bloodstone, Taurus is sapphire, Gemini is agate and Cancer is emerald. Leo is associated with onyx, while Virgo is carnelian, Libra is peridot, Scorpio is beryl and Sagittarius is topaz.
The custom of wearing a birthstone is one that has been documented in a variety of ancient cultures. In addition to modern and zodiac birthstones, there are also distinct Hebrew, Roman, Arabic, Hindu, Polish, Russian and talismanic stones, all associated with different birth months.Learn more about Precious Metals & Gems
The gemstone for January is garnet; for February, amethyst; for March, aquamarine; for April, diamond; for May, emerald; for June, pearl and Alexandrite; for July, ruby; for August, peridot; for September, sapphire; for October, opal and tourmaline; for November, topaz and citrine; and for December, tanzanite, zircon and turquoise. A birthstone is a gem linked to a particular month of the year.Full Answer >
Some birthstone colors are red for pyrope garnet, blue for aquamarine, purple for amethyst and green for peridot. Other colors include orange for topaz, iridescent for pearl and multicolor or black for opal.Full Answer >
Although some months have alternative birthstones, the most commonly purchased birth stones are the 12 traditional stones: garnet, amethyst, aquamarine, diamond, emerald, pearl, ruby, peridot, sapphire, tourmaline, topaz and tanzanite. June, October, November and December have alternative birthstones that are not as popular as the primary ones.Full Answer >
Birthstone gems come in a variety of colors, such as January's deep red garnet and the purple or violet amethyst of February. Since some months have multiple birthstones, certain birthdays come with a choice of colors.Full Answer >