Extra precautions must be taken to prevent injury and infection after a permanent eyeliner procedure. It is recommended to apply an ice pack for 10 minutes at a time for a few hours to alleviate swelling. The patient should avoid wearing contact lenses and driving on the day of the procedure. Chlorine pools, Jacuzzis, saunas and hot showers should all be avoided for up to one week after the procedure.
Permanent makeup is considered a micropigmentation procedure, similar to tattooing. After applying a local anesthetic to the area, the technician uses a needle to inject pigmented granules directly beneath the upper layers of the skin. As of 2014, permanent eyeliner is the most popular of all the permanent makeup procedures, followed by eyebrows and lip color. Some practitioners also offer eye shadow and blush.
A permanent makeup practitioner may be a tattooist, cosmetologist, nurse, esthetician or dermatologist. While generally considered safe, the procedure is not without its risks. There are chances the patient may develop an allergic reaction to the pigment, leading to swelling, cracking and bleeding around the eye area. Eye infections may also occur in some instances. It is advised to perform thorough research and attend several consultations before deciding on a practitioner.