Wood indoor heaters, commonly referred to as wood stoves, burn wood for energy to create heat, while pellet stoves burn pellets of biomass as an energy source. These heaters function the same as oil or propane boilers without the consumption of fossil fuels.
Wood and wood pellet heaters are an excellent eco-friendly heating alternative compared to the more wasteful and more expensive traditional options. Both wood and wood pellet heaters are suitable for hot water radiant systems, hydro-air and forced air systems.
Pellets are most often made from condensed sawdust left over from lumber mills. They cost as much as 60 percent less than oil or natural gas and are almost always sourced from North America. Wood and wood pellet fuel burns cleaner than fossil fuels, resulting in a nearly carbon-neutral heating system.
The biggest disadvantages of wood and wood pellet stoves is that the fuel is bulkier. Storing wood for a wood stove is labor intensive and takes up a considerable amount of space. Wood pellets, while still bulkier than oil or gas, take up much less space than wood. Also, ash bins must be emptied regularly and the heat exchanger must be brushed clean every few weeks. Both are sustainable and economically friendly options for heating a home.