Some of the most popular works of art of the 20th century time include Pablo Picasso's "Les Demoiselle d'Avignon," Salvador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory," Andy Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Can" and Grant Wood's "American Gothic." The 20th century encouraged the development of both modern and contemporary art.
In 1907, Picasso painted "Les Demoiselle d'Avignon," his first cubist painting, according to the Art History Archive. The painting was influenced by the angular structures of African sculptures he had seen along with his own ideas about cubist art that attempted to depict all aspects of nature with three solids: the cube, sphere and cone.
Dali's 1931 painting "The Persistence of Memory" is considered one of the most famous surrealist paintings, says the National Academic Quiz Tournaments, LLC. The Metropolitan Museum of Art describes the effect of the subconscious on the art and how the pieces of the surrealist movement were characterized by their uninhibited expression of the private mind to create unexpected imagery.
Andy Warhol's first "Campbell's Soup Can" images were shown in 1962 and inspired the pop art movement, according to the Museum of Modern Art. The images were created using the printmaking process of silk screening and demonstrated Warhol's thoughts about the influence of mass consumption.
"American Gothic," a painting by artist Grant Wood, is considered one of the most popular pieces of the American regionalist art movement. The painting was inspired by the oversized window of a farmhouse in Iowa, the shape of which is reflected in the drawn out faces of the two figures in the painting, as stated by the Art Institute of Chicago. Wood's work was a comment on the traditions and cultures of the Midwest.