Ovarian pain can be treated at home by waiting calmly for it to clear up on its own and by using birth control pills. Patients who have not yet reached menopause and lack any serious symptoms may be advised to wait for the pain to go away, usually after 8 to 12 weeks, as stated by the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus.
A functional ovarian cyst may require periodic visits to the doctor, but no treatment is necessary. Regular visits help to detect any changes in a patient's condition. Birth control pills may be recommended to prevent the development of new cysts. These pills help reduce the risk of getting ovarian cancer.
However, these approaches only work if the cyst is functional. A patient needs to undergo several checkups to monitor the progression of the condition. If the cyst is large and growing, the doctor may recommend a surgical operation to remove it. Ovarian cystectomy is a surgical procedure that entails removing the cyst without removing the ovary.
Another procedure called oophorectomy may be recommended by a doctor, and it involves removing the affected ovary, as stated by Mayo Clinic. If the cyst is cancerous, the uterus, fallopian tubes and both ovaries may be removed. A surgical operation may also be necessary if the cyst occurs on the ovaries following menopause.