There are three federally recognized Native American tribes in Texas, as of 2015: the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas, the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas and Ysleta del Sur Pueblo.
The Alabama-Coushatta reservation is near Livingston, Texas, in the eastern part of the state. The Kickapoo reservation is near Eagle Pass, near the southern tip of the state. The Ysleta del Sur Pueblo reservation is near El Paso.
There were originally at least 11 tribes residing in Texas, according to Native-Languages.org. These included the Apache, the Bidai, the Coahuilteco, the Carrizo, the Caddo, the Comanche, the Jumano, the Karankawa, the Kiowa, the Kitsai, the Tawakoni, the Tonkawa and the Wichita.
After Europeans arrived in the Americas, the Alabama, the Cherokee, the Coushatta, the Kickapoo and the Tigua Pueblo tribes all were forced into Texas as well.