Basic police training can last anywhere from four weeks to six months, with a median duration of 18 weeks. Field training, which happens after completion of basic academy training, lasts approximately eight weeks, says Discover Policing.
There is no standard national curriculum for becoming a police officer. Each state and jurisdiction has different training requirements guided by the state's Commission on Peace Officers Standards and Training or similar agency, according to Discover Policing. Police departments prefer applicants with some college experience. Police academy training can include firearms operation, self-defense and basic first-aid. All police cadets must meet minimum fitness requirements, according to Study.com.