What Is a Liver Hemangioma?

A liver hemangioma is a benign mass composed of tangled blood vessels in the liver, states Mayo Clinic. Liver hemangioma does not typically cause signs and symptoms and does not need treatment. There is no confirmation that liver hemangioma causes cancer.

Nausea, lack of appetite, pain in the upper right abdomen, vomiting and feeling full quickly are possible signs of liver hemangioma, explains Mayo Clinic. An individual should consult a doctor if any of these symptoms are persistent and cause worry. Pregnancy may cause liver hemangiomas to increase in size, and complications with hormone replacement therapy medications may occur. The risk of liver hemangioma is higher in 30-to-50 year old women, and women who have been pregnant or who have used hormone replacement therapy are at a higher risk for liver hemangioma.

Ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, a computerized tomography scan or a single-photon emission computerized tomography scan diagnoses liver hemangioma, states Mayo Clinic. If a liver hemangioma causes adverse symptoms or begins to push into other body parts, doctors use treatments such as surgery, procedures to eliminate blood flow to the hemangioma, and radiation therapy to shrink or remove it. Abstaining from smoking, drinking in moderation, careful use of household chemicals, maintaining a healthy weight and staying away from risky behaviors, such as sharing needles and unprotected sex, prevents liver hemangioma growth and complications.